Eczema Support System in South Africa

What is Eczema?

Summary

Dermatitis, also called eczema, refers to superficial skin inflammation.
Acute lesions are red and swollen. Blisters may form which, on breakage, leak fluid leading to the formation of crusts. Subacute lesions are red or brownish with scaling. Chronic lesions are dry and leathery (lichenification).
There are many different forms of dermatitis but the symptoms and signs are similar. Itch (pruritus) is the most common symptom of dermatitis. Burning and/or pain may occur, but is uncommon. Itching leads to scratching. Scratching causes erosions (superficial loss of skin) and ulcerations (deeper loss of skin). The latter may lead to scarring.
Treatment is generally similar for all the different types of dermatitis.

Definition

The terms eczema and dermatitis are used interchangeably.
There are several different forms of dermatitis:

  • Allergic contact dermatitis
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Seborrhoeic dermatitis
  • Nummular dermatitis
  • Chronic dermatitis of the hands and feet
  • Generalised exfoliative dermatitis
  • Stasis dermatitis
  • Localised scratch dermatitis or neurodermatitis

Each form will be dealt with separately.

Allergic contact dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis

Seborrhoeic dermatitis

Nummular dermatitis

Chronic dermatitis of the hands and feet

Generalised exfoliative dermatitis

Stasis dermatitis

Localised scratch dermatitis or neurodermatitis

[Health24.com Reviewed by Prof H.F. Jordaan]

Contact Us

27 The Hamptons
Montmedy Road
Lorraine
Port Elizabeth
6070
Phone: (27) 078 320 4054
Fax: (27) 086 440 0610
Website: http://www.eczema.co.za
Email: lynne@eczemasa.co.za
December 2017
M T W T F S S
« Mar    
 123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031